Egypt Live Blog Live
Keep up with all the latest developments in Egypt as unrest continues to cripple the country following the military's removal of Mohamed Morsi as president on July 3.
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Prominent Egyptian activist and blogger Alaa Abdel Fattah, who was at the forefront of the 2011 uprising, will face trial for taking part in an unauthorised protest, his father has said.
Ahmed Seif, who is a lawyer, said on Monday that he would represent his son and 24 other pro-democracy activists charged with holding an unauthorised demonstration and aggression against the police.
"The prosecution informed us that he and the 24 others have been referred to the criminal court," Seif said.
No date has yet bet set for the trial but it will be the second of its kind since Sunday when three other prominent secular activists went on trial following a restrictive new law on protests.
I expected this trial and I think he will be sent to prison because this is what this regime wants; it wants to sentence revolutionary activists.
Abdel Fattah was arrested on November 28, two days after taking part in a Cairo protest against a provision in the draft constitution that allows military trials of civilians in certain cases. The other 24 activists were released on bail last week.
Two days before the protest interim president Adly Mansour passed the new law allowing only police-sanctioned demonstration, a move that triggered an international outcry.
"I expected this trial and I think he will be sent to prison because this is what this regime wants," Seif said of his son.
"It wants to sentence revolutionary activists."
Abdel Fattah was previously jailed under Mubarak, the military junta that immediately ruled Egypt after his overthrow, and also under Morsi.
Egyptian troops have shot dead a fighter described as a leader of the Sinai group that claimed a failed attempt on the life of the interior minister and the murder of a high-level security official, the military has said.
Attacks on soldiers and policemen in the Sinai Peninsula, bordering Israel and the Palestinian Gaza Strip, have become commonplace since the army ousted President Mohamed Morsi in July in the face of mass unrest over his rule.
The Egyptian army said on Monday that Ibrahim Abou Eita was killed in an exchange of gunfire with soldiers near the town of Sheikh Zuweid in Sinai and it described him as a leader of the group Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis.
The army referred to Abou Eita, also known as Abou Suheib, in a statement posted to Facebook as "one of the most dangerous"militants in North Sinai who had been sought for attacks on security forces in the region.
Ansar Bayt al-Maqtis claimed responsibility for killing an official who security sources say had been due to testify in one of several legal cases against Morsi, and for a bid to kill Interior Minister Mohamed Ibrahim with a car bomb in September.
Police have arrested 144 protesters over clashes at a Cairo university that left five students injured, one critically, Egypt's ministry of interior has said.
The ministry said that the critically injured student was in intensive care with a bullet wound to the chest after the clashes at Al-Azhar University.
The arrested students were being questioned and referred to prosecutor.
Police and students in Azhar University flashpoint
A security official has said police have entered the campus of a Cairo university to quell a second day of protest by supporters of Egypt's ousted president.
Students of Al-Azhar University have held persistent protests since the start of the academic year in September.
The rallies have frequently descended into clashes with police.
The head of university security, Mahmoud Subeiha, told Egypt's private CBC TV on Monday that he asked the police to enter the campus Monday to put down the protests.
A security official said the students set a security vehicle on fire and threw fire bombs at police.
The official spoke on condition of anonymity because he was not authorized to brief reporters.
Students rallied on Sunday against the referral of 21 of their colleagues to trial for earlier.
Cairo court adjourns prominent protesters' case
Three activists at the forefront of Egypt's 2011 uprising have gone on trial over an unlicensed and violent demonstration.
After an opening session that lasted almost four hours, the court in Cairo said on Sunday that it would deliver its verdict on December 22 in a case that has widened opposition to the government beyond supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi.
Ahmed Maher, Ahmed Douma and Mohamed Adel are the first secular activists to go on trial amid a massive months-long crackdown on Morsi supporters following the military's July 3 overthrow of the country's first democratically elected leader.
They are also charged with violating a controversial new law that bans all but police-sanctioned protests.
Rights groups have cast the trial as an extension of the government's crackdown on public dissent less than three years after Hosni Mubarak was toppled by massive pro-democracy protests.
Maher is the founder of the April 6 youth movement that led the revolt against Mubarak. All three defendants were leading dissidents under Mubarak and supported the military's overthrow of Morsi, whom they accused of betraying the 2011 uprising.
The activists face charges including assaulting police officers and joining a protest without seeking a police permit as required by the new law.
Azhar students continue protest
Students have spoken of a standoff with police in which officers fired tear gas at them at the dormitories of al-Azhar University in Cairo.
A security official said on Sunday that students at the university had hurled rocks at the police and tried to block traffic on a major thoroughfare outside the campus in eastern Cairo.
Student Spokesman Mahmoud Salah said the police later left the area, and protesters who had taken cover inside the dorm went out to continue their protest.
Salah said the students had lit a fire at the dorm gates to lessen the impact of tear gas fired by the police.
He said a number of students were injured and that the police fired shotgun pellets.
The security agencies always deny using them.
[Al Jazeera and AP]
Egypt: A case of selective justice?
As more demonstrators appear in court, Inside Story looks back at the 12 pro-Morsi protesters sentenced to 17 years in prison and asks what is behind the verdict.
Egyptian police stage rare protest in defiance of new lawHundreds of Egyptian police rallied to demand higher wages, in a rare act of defiance of anew protest law which they themselves have been enforcing to quell unrest on the streets.
Sunday's demonstration by police was an ironic turn of events after arrests of activists for violating the controversial law passed last month, which requires Interior Ministry
permission for any public gathering of more than 10 people.
About 200 non-commissioned officers had been granted permission to protest at a Police
Club in Cairo, where they called on officials to come to discuss their pay demand with them.
When they received no response they marched to the Interior Ministry in defiance of the new law. Security sources said they shoved barricades at fellow members of the security forces
outside the club, before the protesters were allowed to march.
Listening Post - Egypt's media: Marching in step?
We examine why most of the Egyptian media are lining up behind the military-backed government since Morsi was ousted.
Egypt police clash with students
Cairo police have fired tear gas amid a standoff with student protesters at al-Azhar University.
Sunday's clashes came as 21 al-Azhar University students prepared to face court and three prominent secular activists went on trial over protests last month.
An Al Jazeera correspondent, reporting from Cairo, said police had been firing tear gas towards students congregating inside the campus at Azhar Dormitories on Sunday afternoon.
"Dozens of riot police are stationed outside the gate while men dressed in civilian clothes are throwing rocks toward the students," our correspondent said.
"We spoke to a student on the ground who mentioned that the riot police has also been firing birdshot and he claims that there has been one student injured in the eye by birdshot."[Al Jazeera]
Egypt police reportedly fire tear gas at Azhar university as activists face court
Cairo police have reportedly fired tear gas outside the dormitories of Al-Azhar University.
Reports of the clashes came as 21 Al-Azhar University students were to face court, accused of attacking the headquarters of the Sunni Muslim authority in a November protest and three prominent secular activists went on trial, charged with participating in a violent protest.
The trial of Ahmed Maher, Ahmed Douma and Mohammed Adel, who is being tried in absentia, follows a restrictive new demonstration law.
It is the first of secular activists since President Mohamed Morsi was deposed by the army in July.
Human rights groups see the trial as a widening of a crackdown on protests by the authorities, who had previously only targete Morsi supporters.
A court has already sentenced 12 Islamist demonstrators to 17 years in jail for attacking the headquarters during another protest.
[Al Jazeera/ AFP]
Inside Story - Egypt: Will a tough legal approach work?
State-owned Egyptian General Petroleum Corporation (EGPC) plans to launch bid rounds for 15 oil and gas exploration blocks this month, Adel Saeed, EGPC's deputy CEO said.
"The bids will be for sites in the Gulf of Suez and the eastern and western deserts," Saeed told Reuters on Wednesday.
The Nour Party, Egypt’s main Salafi bloc and the second-largest winner in last year's parliamentary elections, will publicly back the country’s draft constitution and urge its supporters to vote yes, despite an amendment that could lead to the party being banned, a senior member has told Al Jazeera.
The decision will be officially announced at a press conference on Thursday
Egypt's interim prime minister has urged Egyptians to vote in the Egypt referendum within 30 days
upcoming referendum on the revised constitution, a step he described as a
milestone in the country's path toward democracy.
Two secular-leaning panels
spent three months rewriting Egypt's 2012 constitution, drafted by an
Islamist-led panel and suspended after the ouster of President Mohammed Morsi
in a popularly-backed military coup in July.
The military-backed plan is a
crucial test for the post-coup authorities, especially as they face
continuing protests by Morsi's supporters and disenchantment from within the
circles of pro-democracy advocates and liberal allies of the interim
government over heavy-handed crackdowns on dissent.
"It's a turning point,''
Interim Prime Minister Hazem el-Beblawi told journalists of the coming vote,
adding: "the first phase passed successful and with excellence ... We have
to move to the next phase.''
The referendum is to take place in the next 30 days, an exact date to be
chosen by the interim president. [AP]
Special Series - Egypt: The unfolding crisis
Egypt youth leader reportedly detained for four days
Prominent Egyptian youth leader Ahmed Duma has been arrested and ordered detained for four days for organising an unauthorised demonstration and assaulting security forces, judicial sources have said.
Duma is the third pro-democracy activist to be detained within a week, as Egyptian authorities widen their crackdown on protesters since interim president Adly Mansour passed a law on November 24 that bans all unauthorised demonstrations.
His wife, Nurhan Hefzy, told AFP earlier on Tuesday he had been arrested for participating in a violent protest outside a court.
"He is now being interrogated by the prosecution," she said. [AFP]
Egypt delays IMF loan decision
Egypt has postponed any decision on taking a $4.8bn loan from the IMF as financial aid from Gulf states has
given Cairo some breathing space as it starts to conduct economic reforms, Deputy Prime Minister Ziad Bahaa
El-Din has said.
Bahaa El-Din said on Tuesday Egypt had so far received about $8bn of a $12bn aid package from Saudi
Arabia, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates promised in July, days after the army toppled President Mohamed Morsi.
The International Monetary Fund and Egypt have sporadically discussed a possible loan worth up to $4.8bn to help the ailing economy since a 2011 uprising that toppled president Hosni Mubarak drove away tourists and foreign investors, two main sources of foreign currency.
Any IMF deal, however, would require economic reform commitments that the government might find politically risky.
The news comes as the Central Bank of Egypt opted to extend its support tourism initiative to December 2014, according to the Egypt Daily News, which reported that tourist arrival rates had fallen by 69.7 percent in September. [Al Jazeera/ Reuters]
Egypt's interim president receives charter draft
Egypt's interim president has received the final draft of the country's amended constitution, setting the stage for a referendum on the revisions made by two secular-leaning panels to the 2012 constitution drafted under the ousted president.
Adly Mansour, who took power after Mohammed Morsi's July 3 overthrow, received the draft on Tuesday during a meeting with the head of the 50-member, head Amr Moussa. Mansour has 30 days to call for a referendum which will be followed by presidential or parliamentary elections as part of a fast-track transition intended to lead to democratic rule.
Finalising the draft comes amid a heavy-handed security crackdown on Morsi's supporters as well as leading activists protesting a new law that restricts the right to demonstrate. [AP]
Libya has deported 360 Egyptians who arrived on two flights with forged visas, state news agency Lana said on Sunday.
The Egyptians landed at Misrata airport in central Libya and were sent back to Egypt on the same planes, the agency added, without giving any more details.
Libya, facing turmoil two years after the fall of Muammar Gaddafi, has been trying to clamp down on a trade in forged visas for workers from Egypt or other neighbouring countries looking to come to the country.
A draft Egyptian constitution completed on Sunday opens the way for a presidential election to be held before parliamentary polls, potentially changing the transition plan outlined by the army when it ousted President Mohamed Morsi.
The original plan said a parliamentary election should take place before the presidential one. But the draft constitution avoids stipulating which vote should happen first.
The draft constitution says the "election procedures" must start within six months from the date of the constitution's ratification, meaning Egypt may not have an elected president or parliament until the second half of next year.
The change was announced by former Arab League secretary general Amr Moussa, chairman of the 50-member constituent assembly, as it completed its final draft on Sunday.
The draft must now be put to a referendum this month or next.
The change leaves it up to interim President Adly Mansour, to decide which election comes first, or whether to hold both at the same time.
Mansour was installed as head of state after Morsi's ouster.
At least 86 people were arrested across Egypt on Friday, according to the interior ministry, which added that clashes raged in several areas.
Hundreds of protesters have taken to the streets in cities across Egypt and clashes erupted when police tried to break up some of the demonstrations, days after a hotly-disputed protest law was adopted.
At least 70 people were arrested across the country on Friday, according to the interior ministry, which added that more arrests were expected throughout the night and that clashes were continuing in several areas.
Protesters in the city of Giza threw Molotov cocktails at one police station where clashes raged for hours, the interior ministry told Al Jazeera.
Violence between police and protesters also broke out in the country's second largest city, Alexandria, after Muslim prayers, with security forces firing tear gas to disperse hundreds of people.
Click here to read more: www.aljazeera.com
Egypt’s interim president will issue a full pardon to the group of 21 women and girls who were sentenced to 11 years in prison for a peaceful protest, the presidential office has said.
The convicted protesters, who are supporters of ousted president Mohamed Morsi, received the harsh sentences for forming a human chain and passing out flyers in the city of Alexandria. The youngest member of the group is 15-years-old.
"President Adly Mansour will issue a full pardon to the Alexandria females after the final judicial process is completed in accord to the constitution,” a presidential advisor said in a statement circulated to journalists on Friday.
Click here to read more: www.aljazeera.com
Group of women, including minors face up to 11 years in jail for a staging a peaceful rally.
A group of girls have been sentenced to jail for 11 years for a peaceful protest in support of deposed President Mohamed Morsi. The women received sentences for for forming a human chain and passing out flyers earlier this month. The group included several minors, the youngest being 15 years old.
The video blow shows 14 of the girls sentenced in court. Al Jazeera cannot independently verify the video.
Egyptian protesters stand at Talaat Harb Square in downtown Cairo during a clash with police after security forces dispersed a demonstration organised by the human rights group "No Military Trials for Civilians". This is the first unauthorised protest after adoption of the controversial law that regulates public demonstrations.
Police clashes with Cairo protesters rage into the night
Talaat Harab square in downtown Cairo has become a flashpoint of the unrest on Tuesday night, with riot police firing tear-gas at protesters, after they took to the streets in defiance of a law passed requiring police approval for gatherings of more than 10 people.
Activists also gathered to demonstrate against a new proposal to allow the military to continue trying civilians it arrests.
Cairo police 'chasing protesters, firing tear-gas'
An Al Jazeera journalist, reporting from Cairo, has said police are now firing tear-gas now and chasing protesters around Talat Harb Square close to Tahrir Square.
"Protesters will not leave until detainees released," our reporter said on Tuesday.
Egyptian protesters have been holding placards and shouting slogans during a demonstration organised by human rights group No Military Trials for Civilians in front of Cairo's Shura council.
Prominent Egyptian activists detained amid protest crackdown
Riot police have been out in force during protests against the new law restricting demonstrations.
Al Jazeera's Gregg Carlstrom, reporting from Cairo, said on Tuesday that some of the protesters tried to regroup in downtown Cairo, by Talaat Harb square, where police used water-cannon and tear-gas on them again.
"The interior ministry says the protesters threw rocks at the police," Carlstrom said.
Among the 74 people arrested were Mona Seif, founder of a campaign against military trials of civilians, and Ahmad Harara, a dentist who lost his eyes to birdshot during protests against Hosni Mubarak in 2011 and against the military junta that ruled Egypt immediately after Mubarak's fall.
"Hazem el-Beblawi, the interim prime minister, has convened a meeting of 'representatives from the National Salvation Front and the youth" to discuss the protest law and today's events, according to state TV," Carlstrom said
Egyptian police enact new law against protesters
Egyptian police fired warning shots, water cannons and tear gas at rallies in Cairo.
Protesters at one demonstration at Cairo's Shura council had rallied against the new law passed the previous day regulating demonstrations.
It was the first unauthorised protest staged in the capital since the adoption of the law.
The new law passed by Egypt's interim president Adly Mansour allows security forces to first issue verbal warnings to protesters, then use water cannon, tear gas and, finally, birdshot while breaking up demonstrations.
Cairo police arrest scores of anti-crackdown protesters
Ten members of the panel drafting Egypt's new constitution have suspended work after authorities arrested protesters and fired warning shots, water cannons and tear gas at Cairo rallies.
Authorities said the number of protesters arrested and detained in different Cairo police stations on Tuesday night was 74.
The unrest points to the growing backlash against the law, which imposes heavy restrictions on protests, among the non-Islamist political factions that rallied behind the military's ouster of President Mohammed Morsi.
Egyptian security forces fired tear-gas to disperse university students who had defied a new law that restricts demonstrations on Monday, the state news agency reported.
Students of Al-Azhar University and Assiut University in Assiut province, south of Cairo, staged a protest, chanting against the army and police in defiance of the new law, passed on Sunday, which bans protests without prior police approval.
In the first application of the new law, the Interior Ministry approved requests on Monday for protests by lawyers and political activists in front of the lawyers' syndicate in Cairo and the State Council in Giza, it said on its Facebook page.
In another statement, it issued a warning to supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood who were said to have been planning a protest on Tuesday in Giza province.
"The Interior Ministry is determined to implement the law and confront these attempts with all force and decisiveness according to what is guaranteed by the law," the ministry said.
The unfair protest law will be broken," said Ahmed Mahler, whose April 6 movement helped lead the uprising against autocratic leader Hosni Mubarak in 2011.
Egypt has experienced some of the worst civilian violence in decades after the country's first democratically elected leader Mohamed Morsi was ousted. Hundreds of protesters have been killed when security forces stormed Morsi camps on August 14.
Egypt's interim president, Adly Mansour, has signed a restrictive new "protest law" that would require Egyptians to seek approval days in advance before organising demonstrations.
The steps of dispersal include:
1. Verbal warning that includes a safe passage for
protesters to leave
2. In case they refuse, then water cannons are used
first, tear gas,
3. Warning shots, sound grenades, birdshot, rubber,
bullets, then non-rubber bullets
4. In the use of weapons then appropriate measures to be
- The minister of interior and the mayor decide the locations of the protests
- 7 years in prison and 100,000 le fine up to 300,00 for anyone carrying weapons or explosives, or flammable material during the protests
- 1 year in prison and at least 30,00 le UP TO 50,00 for anyone wearing masks.
The United States Secretary of State John Kerry is accusing Egypt's well-organised Muslim Brotherhood of having "stolen" the revolution that toppled longtime autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011.
Speaking on Wednesday to leaders of multinational US firms, Kerry said the Islamist group had appropriated the revolt against Mubarak from young people who started it in large part through social media.
Kerry said their use of web-based technology "drove that revolution.''
But then, he said, it "got stolen by the one single-most organised entity in the state, which was the Brotherhood.''
Kerry's comments are likely to raise eyebrows in Egypt where there are competing claims of credit over Mubarak's ouster.
US officials have in the past lamented that secular Mubarak foes were unable to mount a credible political option to the Brotherhood.
There are unconfirmed reports that one person has been killed in clashes in Tahrir Square. The individual died from bird shot wounds to the head, a source told Al Jazeera.
Protesters have been throwing Molotov cocktails at police forces guarding the Arab League building in Cairo and chanting anti-military slogans. Egyptian police in armored vehicles have fired teargas into the crowds and have subsequently begun emptying Tahrir Square.
A memorial to Egyptian protesters has been damaged in Cairo, after demonstrators defaced it with graffiti and chipped away at parts of it, reports Al Jazeera's Gregg Carlstrom in the Egyptian capital.
The foundation for the future memorial to Egyptian protesters killed in the country's uprising and more than two-and-a-half years of turmoil was damaged in Cairo's famed Tahrir Square.
Unknown assailants attacked, chipped away and sprayed graffiti on the huge stone early on Tuesday, just hours after it was inaugurated by the country's interim prime minister.
The overnight attack underscores the deep divisions plaguing this Arab nation since the 2011 uprising that toppled autocrat Hosni Mubarak.
Monday's inauguration came on the eve of the second anniversary of some of the fiercest confrontations between Egyptian protesters and security forces on a street near Tahrir, in which at least 45 people were killed by police.
New rallies are expected later in the day and there are fears of more unrest and clashes.
Egypt's interim head of state Adly Mansour will not run for president in elections slated for next year, a Kuwaiti newspaper has quoted him as saying.
Mansour was sworn in as interim president on July 4, a day after the Egyptian army ousted Islamist President Mohamed Morsi following mass protests against his rule.
Morsi had appointed him as head of the constitutional court, but he was not sworn in as head of the court until hours before he took the oath as interim president.
When asked by Kuwait's al-Seyassah newspaper whether he would run for president, Mansour said: "No... No, I will return to my office and my work at the constitutional court."
Western allies have watched with dismay as the most populous Arab state stumbled on its path to democracy after a popular uprising toppled autocrat Hosni Mubarak in 2011.
Saying it was responding to the will of the people, the army removed Morsi, Egypt's first democratically elected president, from power and promised a political roadmap that would lead to free and fair elections.
Authorities have also embarked on a tough crackdown on Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood movement.
Under the roadmap, Mansour will remain head of the interim government until presidential elections are held, due to follow parliamentary polls and the approval of amendments to the
suspended constitution in a referendum.
In an interview earlier this month, Egyptian Foreign Minister Nabil Fahmy said parliamentary elections would take place in February or March, with presidential polls slated for early summer.
Egypt's imprisoned ousted President Mohamed Morsi is meeting with a team of lawyers who seek to defend him in his ongoing trial on charges of inciting murder, his son said.
But the deposed leader, who wants to defend himself, has not yet agreed to let the team represent him. Rather, he wants to discuss taking legal action against others, his son said.
Morsi has been held in a secret location since his removal on July 3, and was transferred to a high security prison in the Mediterranean port city of Alexandria after the opening session of his trial on November 4. He had so far declined legal representation.
The defence team spoke to him briefly during the trial, held in a police academy in eastern Cairo.
A source in the interim government tells Al Jazeera that the state of emergency and the imposed curfew end today.
The Associated Press has put out some quotes of the day around Morsi's court appearance.
Here are some of them:
"I am Dr. Mohammed Morsi, the president of the republic. I am here by force and against my will. The coup is a crime and treason." - Morsi, addressing the judge.
"This is not my court. This court, with all due respect, doesn't have jurisdiction over the president. There is a military coup in this country. The leaders of this coup must be brought to trial according to the constitution." - Morsi, later in the trial.
"This referral to court is illegitimate, and it's in your name. You must bear responsibility before God and history.'' - Mohammed el-Beltagy, a senior Brotherhood leader and co-defendant, to the judge.
The judge at one point told him: "You don't get my meaning. You will get the chance to speak.'' El-Beltagy snapped: "It is you, Your Honour, who doesn't get it.'"
"I am the head of the President's office. I was transferred to trial by a prosecutor general appointed by the coup authority. I demand to be taken out of this room." - Ahmed Abdel-Atti, former head of Morsi's presidential office.
Osama Morsi, the son of Morsi who was not present in the court Monday: "Mohammed Morsi is one of the sons of the revolution. It was normal to see him enter the courtroom standing tall and mocking the farcical procedures.''
Ahmed Abdel-Mohsen, a 42-year-old engineer: "After all this time and all those events, I was expecting him to come up with a new narrative (that doesn't depend on) the theme of (his presidential) legitimacy. His legitimacy has come to a dead end.''
"We are not giving up. Kill a million, two million or put the 90 million (the population of Egypt) in prison, only then this revolution will be over.'' - Sobhi Fouad, a Morsi supporter protesting outside the courtroom.
"Even if they hang Morsi, we will stay on the streets to get our constitution back and our parliament back.'' - Salma Fateen, a 40-year-old mother, also at the protests:
Menna Mansour, a 22-year-old marketing executive, compared Morsi's trial and that of ousted President Hosni Mubarak. Mubarak, unlike Morsi, wore the white outfit worn by criminal defendants. Morsi appeared in trial in a suit.
"The president who stayed 30 years in power (Mubarak) accepted the white prison outfit without saying a word. And this one who stayed only one year in power and was elected with few votes, and everybody took the streets against him, refuses the white outfit and speaks about legitimacy? What is this? The best thing about this is that I had the day off.''
Egypt has returned a $500m deposit to Qatar at the start of November after Qatar refused to
renew it upon its maturity, a central bank official told Reuters news agency.
The central bank expects to return a further $500m in early December, the official, who declined to be named, said on Monday.
Qatar had deposited the funds with the central bank in late 2012.
Relations between the two countries deteriorated after the army ousted Islamist President Mohamed Mursi in July.
Qatar had been a firm backer of Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood and lent or gave Egypt $7.5bn during the year he was in power.
In September, Egypt returned $2bn that Qatar had deposited with its central bank, after talks to convert the funds into three-year bonds broke down.
Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and the United Arab Emirates promised Egypt a combined $12bn in aid in July.
The son of deposed President Mohamed Morsi spoke to Al Jazeera. He said that Morsi's trial was "not a trial" but an "attempt to claim smartness". Listen to the full interview here.
The Itehadia Martyrs Families Association (IMFA), an association of family members of people that were killed in the Itehadia Presidential Palace clashes, issued its first statement Sunday (November 03, 2013) as follows:
"We reject the false trial of the legitimate President Mohamed Morsi on charges related to Itehadia Presidential Palace clashes (of December 5 and 6, 2012), especially as the legal complaints we made formally were clearly against the National Salvation Front leaders and thugs. These are the real murderers. They were never referred for trial or criminal prosecution. They include Hamdan Sabbahi, Amr Moussa and Wael Ibrashi.
"We demand an end to the trial, a new independent investigation judge known for his integrity and non-involvement in the current conflict between coup authorities and supporters of the of constitutional legitimacy, and a fresh investigation of the case as a whole.
"IMFA will begin a legal and peaceful popular struggle for retribution for the blood of the martyrs, reaffirming that the martyrs who died in Itehadia Palace events were Egyptian supporters of legitimacy who belonged to the Muslim Brotherhood, in addition to one journalist who was killed as he stood among them.
"IMFA is baffled at the prosecution that arrests the President – who immediately condemned that incident’s atrocities and called for an immediate investigation into its murderous events – and ignores the real murderers and the interior minister who is evidently an accomplice in the crime.
"IMFA will hold a press conference shortly to inform the public on the facts that have so far been brushed aside by the media blackout and the settling of accounts with the Muslim Brotherhood, the President and the murdered revolutionaries.
IMFA will further start a mass media campaign to restore the rights of the oppressed victims of the coup."
The son of deposed President Mohamed Morsi's , Osama Morsi, who says he is also Morsi's first lawyer, has spoken to Al Jazeera.
See an abstract transcript below:
"This is not a trial. It is an
attempt to claim smartness. It is a trial that has no legal guarantees. No
criteria at all regarding who will/won’t attend the session. Even the formation
of the court consists a violation to the law and constitution. What has
happened in the court hall is normal as the president refused to recognise this
nonsense and these coup procedures."
"The president stand and our stand is fixed. The president is one of the revolution’s sons. We are used to such procedures. Those who lived the Mubarak era knew that what happened today is not new. It is an attempt to discipline the Egyptian people and teach them that when they vote they have to vote for those who believe in the Mubarak regime, and those who only live under the shoes of the army people."
Defiant President Mohamed Morsi appears in court, in a suit rather that the white detention clothes.
An Egyptian court has adjourned the trial of ousted President Mohamed Morsi until January 8. Morsi, in his first public appearance since the army deposed him in July rejected the trial's proceedings telling the court: "I am Dr. Mohamed Morsi, the president of the republice... This court is illegal," an AFP correspondent at the trial reported.
Defiantly, Morsi arrived in court wearing a suit rather than the customary white detention clothes. Two of his co-defendants, senior Muslim Brotherhood leaders Essam al-Erian and Mohammed al-Beltagui, chanted "Down with military rule" at the start of the hearing, and applauded Morsi when he walked in.
Morsi came to power in June 2012 in the country's first free elections, made possible by a popular uprising a year earlier. He and 14 others are charged with inciting violence which led to the deaths of protesters outside the presidential palace in 2012.
If convicted Morsi could face the death penalty or life sentence.
Many women posting pro-Morsi stickers on army vehicles outside Egypt's High Court on Monday.
Al Jazeera's Mubasher Misr has quoted sources at deposed President Morsi's trial saying that Morsi told the judge "I am your legitimate president, you are void."
Trial of deposed President Morsi will resume on January 8