Egypt Live Blog
Keep up with all the latest developments in Egypt as unrest continues to cripple the country following the military's removal of Mohamed Morsi as president on July 3.
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In this documentary, we analyse the two-and-a-half year story of the events that led to the ousting of a president after 30 years of autocratic rule, the first free and fair elections in Egypt's history, a new president elected, but deposed 13 months later, and a cycle of violence taking the country to the verge of civil war, facing an uncertain future.
Our interactive team has been working to keep track of the ever-changing situation in Egypt.Below is a slideshow of some of the timelines and infographics they have created.
Click the caption to be taken to the full-page interactive.
Al Jazeera's latest piece on Egypt is now the lead story on the website.
Egyptian troops and police have stormed the Kerdassah district in the
outskirts of Cairo to clear it of "terrorist elements", security
officials said, triggering clashes with armed groups based in the area.
Vehicles carrying armed personnel were sent into the village on Thursday while army helicopters hovered above.
For the full story, click here.
Egypt army storms pro-Morsi town | You can read a full news report here. Below is a summary of events:
• Egyptian security forces have fought gun battles in a town near Cairo after launching an operation targeting "terrorist elements".
• A joint police and army operation to take the town of Kerdasah in Giza back from groups loyal to the deposed President Mohamed Morsi began at about 5:30am local time (03:30 GMT) on Thursday.
• The ensuing clashes in the area have so far left one senior policeman dead and nine others injured, while at least 65 people were arrested, the Interior Ministry said.
• According to Egyptian state TV, one of those arrested on Thursday was Ahmad Uways, the man accused of killing the head of Kerdasah police station on August 14.
Our special correspondent in Cairo, whom we are not naming for security reasons, has sent this report:
Egypt's interim government has announced it is raising the minimum wage for state employees by more than 40 percent. But some say it is not the right time to give pay rises.Watch Al Jazeera's report from the Egyptian capital, Cairo, here:
Egypt returns $2bn to Qatar in sign of growing tensions | Egypt has returned $2bn that Qatar had deposited with its central bank, after talks to convert the funds into three-year bonds broke down, central bank Governor Hisham Ramez said.Egypt authorities have also refused a Qatari request to increase the number of flights between the two states, according to Egyptian airport sources, in a further sign of rising tension between the two Arab states.Cairo's relations with Qatar deteriorated after the Egyptian army deposed President Mohamed Morsi on July 3. Qatar had been a firm backer of Morsi's Muslim Brotherhood and lent Egypt $7.5bn during the year he was in power.
Egypt listed as dangerous for journalists | The recent violence and political turmoil in Egypt has seen many journalists arrested on the front line. Six journalists have been killed and at least 25 more arrested, with Al Jazeera being among the most frequently targeted.Among those arrested were Al Jazeera's Abdullah al-Shami and Mohamed Badr, who are still being detained in Abu Zabaal prison. All this means Egypt has now been listed within the top five most dangerous countries for journalists, where three years ago it did not even make the top 10.That is why a symposium is being held in Geneva, Switzerland, alongside the UN's Human Rights Council meeting, highlighting the importance of press freedom.Al Jazeera's Charlie Angela reports from Geneva:
Discussion: Why are the Egyptian people still marching each Friday?
| Each Friday people are taking to the streets after prayers and marching in protest of armed rule. As new pictures show demonstrations in Port Said, we ask why the protests are continuing.
Here is a slideshow of images from Friday's funeral of Police General Nabil Farag, who was killed on Thursday.
Search operations continue in Egypt town | Egyptian security forces have been searching for supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsi of the Muslim Brotherhood after retaking control of a town near Cairo in a crackdown on supporters of the former leader's party.
[Picture credit: Reuters] For the full story, click here.
One of our stringers, who we can't name for security reasons, is reporting skirmishes between local residents and protesters in Suez.
One man, 20-year-old Mohamed Abdel Latif, has been reported as injured with a gunshot wound.
He was wounded as tensions rose in Al Arbaeen square, Suez, and was taken to hospital.
Qatar announced on Thursday that Cairo has returned a $2-billion bank deposit which Doha wanted to transform into bonds:
It could be a sign of strained ties since the ouster of Egypt's Islamist president Mohamed Morsi.
A finance ministry spokesman said Doha "respects the decision of the Egyptian government to return a two-billion-dollar deposit to Qatar," following the failure of two weeks of negotiations on converting the funds into bonds.
The deposit was part of an $8-billion Qatari aid package to Egypt after the 2011 revolution which toppled its president Hosni Mubarak.
Doha-Cairo ties have been unsettled since the Egyptian army's July 3 ouster of Morsi, who had the strong support of Qatar, following a wave of popular street protests.
More clashes are being reported in Egypt, this time by state TV.
The subway in Dokki, in the Giza governorate, is the scene of clashes and gunfire. As yet there is no information about injuries.
State TV is also reporting that supporters of the Muslim Brotherhood are blocking Salah Salem street close to Cairo International Airport.
Following news of an army operation in Kerdasa an Al Jazeera source is reporting a rally of people demonstrating against military rule in nearby Nahya.
Earlier in the day, the investigation team from the General Prosecution announced it would be detaining 85 people arrested during the Kerdasa crackdown for a minimum of 15 days.
Among the 85, the prosecution office says 21 were directly involved in an attack on Kerdasa police station in which 11 police officers and soldiers were killed.
The arrested stand accused of:
- Joining terrorist a organisation
- Fighting and attacking police and the authority
- Carrying unlicensed weapons
- Hiding criminals and wanted men
- Aggression on a police facility
- Killing police officers and soldiers
- Disturbing national security and peace
- Scaring the general public.
[Picture credit: Reuters]
EPA has published images from the second day operation in Kerdasa that resulted in the death of General Nabil Farag on Thursday.
The general's death has led to an outpouring of mourning as well as praise for the work being done by the armed forces.
Adek Deibi told Al Jazeera: "The police are the heroes and the martyrs of Egypt who protect us, they protect Egyptians, Muslims and Christians. May God take the general to heaven."
Egyptian security forces have arrested 30 supporters of the ousted President Mohamed Morsi, after they clashed with residents in Alexandria, the city's investigation department director has said.
The arrests come with growing complaints by families of detainees, some of whom are under the legal age of ill-treatment of their children in police stations and prisons.
Protests mark start of Egypt academic year
Protests marked the start of a new academic year in Egypt with several students being arrested for demonstrating against the army-backed government.
Sunday's rallies were held to protest against restrictions on political as well as campus freedoms, besides the return of military rule.
The military-backed government has been in power since the July 3 coup that ousted President Mohamed Morsi.
An Egyptian court has banned the Muslim Brotherhood from carrying out any activities in the country, and has also ordered the seizure of the group's funds.
"The court bans the activities of the Muslim Brotherhood organisation and its non-governmental organisation and all the activities that it participates in and any organisation derived from it," said presiding judge Mohammed al-Sayed has said in his verdict, issued a short while ago. The court ordered the government to seize the Brotherhood's funds and administer its frozen assets.
Al Jazeera talks to Abdullah Al-Arian, professor of history at Georgetown University - Qatar, on the Egyptian court's ruling today.
The Muslim Brotherhood has responded to a court order banning all activities of the group by saying that it is "part and parcel of Egyptian society", and that it will continue to operate.
"The Muslim Brotherhood is part and parcel of Egyptian society. Corrupt and politically motivated judicial decisions cannot change that," it said on its official Twitter account.
It said it was an organisation that "will always be present on the ground even after it is dissolved, and will continue serving the Egyptian people".
The "junta is trying to silence anyone who opposes them. Dissolution verdict is politically motivated and part of a continuous crackdown," it said.
"Muslim Brotherhood remained and will remain, no matter how fascist regimes try to eliminate them. Dissolution will not affect the organisation," it added.
Deputy US State Department Spokesperson Marie Harf has just delivered a statement on the banning of the Muslim Brotherhood in Egypt.
We’ve seen reports about the Egyptian Court of Urgent
Matters’ decision on the Muslim Brotherhood.
The details of this decision and how it will be implemented/upheld
remain unclear. We are seeking more
information and will continue to closely follow developments.
I refer you to the Government of Egypt for detailed
information about today’s decision.
We have said all along that a transparent and inclusive
political process that preserves the rights of all Egyptians to participate and
that leads back to a democratically-elected, civilian government is critical to
the success of Egypt’s political and economic stability. Such a process would include free and fair
elections, monitored by international and domestic observers and reestablish
democratic political institutions. All
parties should avoid steps that would undermine this process.
The public prosecutor's office in Beni Sweif governorate, south of Cairo, has ordered the detention of eight school students (their ages range from 16 and 19 years old), including the Beni Sweif's Freedom and Justice Party Secretary's son, for 15 days pending investigations on charges including belonging to a banned group and disabling public facilities.
Sunday was the first day of the school year. Many universities and schools across the country saw students protest against the coup.
This coincides with the Anti-Coup Alliance's call for the students, both in universities and schools to hold protests against the coup in a week dubbed "The youth are the mainstay of the revolution".
Egyptian forces raid village near Cairo
Egypt's state TV says security forces have raided a village near the Giza Pyramids west of Cairo hunting for suspects in the killing of 15 policemen last month.
The Tuesday security sweep of Nahya, considered a stronghold for Islamist groups, is the latest move by authorities to assert control over towns and villages seized by supporters of ousted President Mohamed Morsi after his July 3 overthrow by the military.
The police officers were killed in the nearby village of Kerdasa. Egyptian security forces say that it was done by sympathizers of the ousted president, after an Aug. 14 assault by the state forces on pro-Morsi protest camps left hundreds dead.
Security forces reoccupied Kerdasa last week, arresting scores of suspects.
State TV showed security forces in body shields and masked special commandos searching suspects' home. [AP]
Egypt Foreign Minister speaks out on US
Egypt's Foreign Minister, has spoken out over his country's relations with the US.
Nabil Fahmy, who is attending the UN General Assembly in New York, says the US is adapting to a new reality because of the Arab Spring.
"They're unsettled for many reasons," Fahmy said.
"We've had two revolutions in two and a half years, so Egyptians are trying to define their own identity. And as they do that they're defining their interests vis-a-vis other countries.
"Americans have always been used to dealing with governments in the Arab world, not with the people. So they're not used to what do I do when millions come out in the street twice in two years and force the president to leave." - Al Jazeera [Photo: Reuters/ Eduardo Munoz]
Egypt sees fresh anti-coup protests
Thousands of people are taking part in anti-government protests across Egypt, days after activities by the Muslim Brotherhood were banned by a Cairo court.
Friday's protests, called by the Anti-Coup alliance, saw thousands take to the streets in Cairo, Port Said, Assuit, and elsewhere.
The protesters held up banners and chanted slogans against the military coup that ousted then-President Mohamed Morsi, a Muslim Brotherhood member. The Alliance called for the protests to complement "You are the pillar of the revolution" demonstrations, which began last Friday.
Detention of Al Jazeera journalist extended
Prosecutors have extended the detention of Al Jazeera's Abdullah Elshami for another 45 days, his lawyer said on Thursday.
Elshami, an Egyptian citizen and reporter for Al Jazeera Arabic, was jailed on August 14 along with about 700 protesters when police and soldiers dispersed two Islamist protest camps in Cairo, sparking clashes that killed hundreds of protesters.
"The decision to extend the detention of 665 people arrested in Rabaa came last night," said his lawyer Mostafa Attiya.
Egyptian authorities and local media have accused Al Jazeera of biased reporting of the popularly backed coup that toppled Morsi.
Al Jazeera is submitting complaints to international courts against Egyptian authorities for detaining its journalists.
Minor clashes between residents and protesters break out in Egyptian cities
Al Jazeera's correspondent in Egypt, who we are not naming for security reasons, has said that some fighting has started to break out between local residents and demonstrators in Alexandria, Mansouria, Nasr City and Helwan.
According to state TV, minor clashes has also started between residents and protesters in Maadi in Cairo and Mohandsen in Giza.
Police officer killed in Sinai
In North Sinai, one riot-police officer was shot in the head and killed by unknown gunmen.
Al Jazeera talks to Abdullah al-Arian, assistant professor of history at Georgetown University's School of Foreign Service in Qatar about the fresh wave of anti-coup protests in Egypt.
Amnesty Int'l demands immediate release of journalist
Amnesty International urges Egypt to release Ahmed Abu Deraa, an award-winning journalist who is facing military trial for his coverage of events in Sinai.
The non-governmental organisation believes that Deraa is being prosecuted for challenging the army's version of its operations in the restive North Sinai region.
Read Amnesty International's full press release here.
Egypt reopened the Rafah crossing with the Gaza Strip on Saturday after a nine-day closure, an official of the enclave's Islamist Hamas government said.
Since the July 3 army coup that ousted Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, Egyptian authorities have repeatedly closed the Rafah border crossing, stranding thousands of Gazans.
An Egyptian soldier was shot dead in the Sinai Peninsula on Saturday, security officials said, as army helicopters carried out air strikes on suspected hideouts of fighters there.
The soldier, a conscript, was shot while standing guard by a government building in the town of Sheikh Zuweid, close to the border with the Gaza Strip, the sources said. [Reuters]
The head of Egypt's military is the focus of a number of campaigns that want him to run for president.
General Abdel Fatah el Sisi oversaw the July 3 coup that ousted the democratically-elected president, as well as the subsequent crackdown on the Muslim Brotherhood and their supporters that led to more than a thousand people being killed.
Al Jazeera's correspondent in Cairo, who is not being named for security reasons, reports.
Fahmy calls for nuclear-free Middle East in UN address
Egypt's interim foreign minister has called for a nuclear-free Middle East in his address to world leaders at the UN.
Nabil Fahmy told the UN General Assembly in New York on Saturday that Egypt's latest political transition, including presidential and parliamentary elections, would end by next spring.He said the 2011 uprising against former president Hosni Mubarak was the country's determination to build a democratic and modern state.Fahmy is part of an interim government installed by Egypt's powerful military after the ouster of President Mohammed Morsi in July.The interim minister called for all Middle East countries to declare their support for a region "free from weapons of mass destruction, as well as from nuclear, chemical and biological weapons."Fahmy told The Associated Press news agency this week that Egypt's relations with the US were unsettled, as the country struggled to redefine its national interests.As he addressed the UN General Assembly, supporters of his government chanted "we support the Egyptian Army" at a rally outside.Ihab Ibrahim, one of the rally organisers, said Egypt was on track for democratic elections and did not need assistance from the Western world. Pro-Morsi supporters also held a rally and were later seen in the street arguing with supporters of the interim government. - AP [ Photo: AFP/ Don Emmert]
Detained Canadians complain of prison abuse
Two Canadians imprisoned in Egypt say they have been beaten and subjected to degrading treatment since being detained at the height of violent protests in Cairo last month.
Tarek Loubani and John Greyson issued a written statement on Saturday saying they had been held in prison since August 16 with no access to phone calls.
The said they were sharing a tiny cell with 36 other political prisoners and sleeping on concrete and there were cockroaches in the cell.
The statement was dictated to their lawyers and published on their friend Justin Podur's website, which is dedicated to their release. The two men have not been charged.
Loubani, a physician, and Greyson, a filmmaker, were trying to make their way to Gaza where Loubani was to teach emergency room medicine and Greyson was considering producing a
documentary. - AP
Egypt's interim government has introduced a new $2.4bn plan to fight poverty.
Measures include reducing public transport costs, reopening closed factories, abolishing some school feed and capping the price of fruit and vegetables.
Al Jazeera's correspondent in Cairo, who we are not naming for security reasons, reports.
Egypt extends detention of hunger striker Canadians
Egypt's army-backed authorities have extended the detention of two Canadians, held without charge since political clashes in mid-August. The Canadian government called earlier this month for Tarek Loubani, a doctor, and John Greyson, a filmmaker, to be released.
The two men, who have been on hunger strike for 13 days, face a range of accusations including arson, murder, and attacking a police station, which come with the allegation that they participated in illegal demonstrations by supporters of deposed President Mohamed Morsi in the city on August 16.
They say they were on their way to Gaza to work. During the layover in Cairo, they went to observe the protests and were arrested that evening at a checkpoint when they stopped to ask for directions after buying ice cream. They were searched and beaten before being taken to Tora prison facility, where leading members of the Muslim Brotherhood are also being held. [Reuters]
Egypt court upholds jail term for Morsi's PM
An Egyptian court has upheld a one-year prison sentence against former Prime Minister Hisham Qandil, who was appointed by deposed President Mohamed Morsi, and ordered his arrest.
Kandil was handed the sentence in April, when he still headed the government, for failing to implement a court ruling to renationalise a textile company sold off by the Hosni Mubarak administration.
Khaled Hassan, the judge at Monday's session, said the prison sentence must now be carried out.
For more on this story, click here.[Source: Reuters]
Welcome to Al Jazeera's new Egypt blog. For all our previous updates on the turmoil in Egypt, please visit the home of our former blog.We would welcome your comments and feedback on this new site, and you can either submit a comment here or email email@example.com with your views.We'll be developing this blog over the next few weeks and then will be rolling out some more events on the live.aljazeera.com site.Thanks for reading,Al Jazeera's blog team.
Catherine Ashton, the EU foreign policy chief, is on her 14th visit to Egypt.
During her trip, she met various groups including representatives of the Freedom and Justice Party, the political arm of the Muslim Brotherhood.
Speaking in Cairo, she said that she was not going to interfere, but to strengthen the relationship between Egypt and the EU, especially focusing on the economic recovery of the nation.
A video has emerged which appears to show Egypt's military generals deciding how to deal with the country's media.
The footage - released by activists - shows General al-Sisi addressing senior officers of the army in the months before Mohamed Morsi was ousted from power.
The recording starts with an officer urging Sisi to find a way to frighten journalists from criticising the army.
During a press conference at the end of her visit to Egypt, Catherine Ashton said that "we are not mediating any talks'' to achieve national reconciliation, adding that the government needed to be asked about that and that the EU understood the necessity of having an inclusive process, including drafting the constitution.
Answering a question on the possibility of defence minister and head of the armed forces Abdel Fatah al-Sisi running in the Presidential elections, Ashton said that it was up to individuals to decide whether they wanted to be candidates or not, adding that it should be an inclusive process that includes everyone and the EU encourages everyone to participate in it.
The Egyptian Armed forces issued a statement saying the meeting (between Ashton and Sisi) discussed views on issues of mutual interest and methods to support cooperation between Egypt and the EU countries.
During the meeting, there was more understanding of the European responsibility towards the challenges that Egypt faces, the army said.
For seven weeks now, Egypt's national rail network has been at a standstill.
The closure has forced hundreds of thousands of commuters onto already clogged roads, and stalled any hope of an economic recovery.
From Cairo, our correspondent - who we're not naming for security reasons - has this report.